Free Trade Agreement Saskatchewan: Everything You Need to Know

The province of Saskatchewan in Canada has been a significant player in the country`s trade industry for years. Its economy is heavily reliant on exports, both within the country and across its borders. In 2019, Saskatchewan`s total exports amounted to $30.4 billion, with major trading partners including the United States, China, Japan, and Mexico. One of the factors that have contributed to Saskatchewan`s success in international trade is the free trade agreements that have been signed with various countries. In this article, we will delve into the specifics of free trade agreement Saskatchewan and its impact on the province`s economy.

What is a Free Trade Agreement?

A free trade agreement is a treaty between two or more countries that aims to eliminate barriers to trade and investment. This agreement allows for the easy flow of goods, services, and investments between the countries involved. In most cases, free trade agreements remove or reduce tariffs, quotas, and other restrictions on imported and exported goods. This results in lower prices for consumers and increased market access for businesses.

Canada has signed free trade agreements with multiple countries worldwide, including the United States, Mexico, Chile, Israel, and the European Union, among others. These agreements have helped to create more opportunities for Canadian businesses to compete globally and have opened up new markets for Canadian goods and services.

Free Trade Agreement Saskatchewan: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

The North American Free Trade Agreement between Canada, the United States, and Mexico was signed in 1994, and it removed tariffs and other barriers to trade and investment between the three countries. NAFTA has been a significant contributor to Saskatchewan`s trade success, with the United States being the province`s largest trading partner. According to statistics from the Government of Saskatchewan, the province`s exports to the United States amounted to $17.7 billion in 2019.

Free Trade Agreement Saskatchewan: The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

The Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is a free trade agreement between Canada and the 27 member countries of the European Union. CETA eliminates tariffs on most traded goods and services and provides a framework for cooperation on intellectual property, labor rights, and environmental protection. The agreement was signed in 2016 and has been in effect since 2017.

CETA has opened up new opportunities for Saskatchewan businesses to export their products and services to the European Union. With a population of over 500 million people, the European Union represents a vast market for Saskatchewan`s products, including agricultural products, machinery, and equipment.

Free Trade Agreement Saskatchewan: The Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)

The Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) is the successor of NAFTA and came into effect on July 1, 2020. CUSMA aims to modernize and enhance the trade relationship between the three North American countries. Like NAFTA, CUSMA eliminates tariffs on several traded goods and services and provides a framework for cooperation on labor rights, environmental protection, and intellectual property.

CUSMA has significant implications for Saskatchewan`s economy, particularly in terms of agriculture, energy, and manufacturing. The agreement is expected to strengthen the province`s trade relationship with the United States and Mexico, providing new opportunities and benefits for Saskatchewan businesses.


Free trade agreements have been an essential contributor to Saskatchewan`s trade success and have opened up new market opportunities for businesses in the province. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), and the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) are among the most significant free trade agreements that Saskatchewan has signed. As a result, the province`s businesses have been able to increase exports, create jobs, and contribute to the overall growth of the Saskatchewan economy.